Biography of Sri Aurobindo Gosh

This article provides the complete information about Sri Aurobindo Gosh, who has given a very good contribution to the people. His writings have inspired many people. His writings will have knowledge and wisdom in depth and directs us to the path of good living.

Sri Auro Ghose – A Human God

A human god, seer within, patriot, political activist, poet, yogi and a Rishi, ‘Sri Auro Ghose was coincidentially born august 15 1872, the same day Mother India breathed her freedom from the foreign invaders in the year 1947. To have a glimpse into his life would be a kaleidoscopic lustrous marvel of a crystal scaled out of a brilliantly rare diamond. His parents were Dr.K.D.Ghose and Swarnalatha devi. Though born in Calcutta his father was a person with complete western look and sent all his children to England for their education. Being the father of such a pious personality ironically Dr.K.D.Ghose was not religious – minded and was tremendously an atheist. Aurobindo lived in Manchester and was initially taught at home. By the age of 11 he contributed poems to the local ‘Fox Magazine’.

Auro and his fighting spirit

In the year 1884 he shifted to London and got admitted to St Paul’ the age of 14 he mastered seven European languages and received the Butterworth Prize for literature,Bedford Prize for history and a scholarship to Cambridge. At age 18 in Cambridge he received a senior classical scholarship. This way he grew away from his family and motherland. Though a master of many languages he did not know his mother tongue Bengali and was not able to converse fluently with his own mother. By the year 1893 conditions of were changing and he learned about the atrocities of the British in his country India. This woke up a sleeping tiger with him. In London he joined a secret society taking an oath to work for his country. He began to learn Bengali. At the age 21 he sailed back to india to join the Baroda College first as a French teacher and very soon got promoted as Vice Principal.

Spiritual life of Sri Aurobindo Gosh

The moment he set his foot on the soil of his motherland a vast peace and calm descended upon him, never to leave him for the rest of his life. A spiritual experience welcomed him with the blossoming of new aura. He was not only an Indian nationalist who fought for freedom but also a philosopher, yogi, guru and was a natural poet. The major theme in his vision is the integration of the human life into divine life. He was a voracious reader and soon learnt many Indian languages including Gujarati, Marathi and Sanskrit. He in his writings depicted the western and the eastern philosophy, culture, religion, literature, and psychology. His philosophical works includes ‘The Life Divine’, ‘The synthesis of yoga’. While at Baroda College he developed close contacts with Lokamanya Tilak and sister Nivedita. He arranged military training for revolutionaries at his private place.In 1904, after the partition of Bengal he opposed the moderates within congress and joined the Nationalist party fighting for swaraj lal, bal and pal.

Writings of Sri Aurobindo Gosh

His writing skills got him a job has the chief editor of ‘Bande Mataram’. He wrote many scintillating and stimulating articles expressing the need for a unanimous awakening. The British took repressive measures to crush his growing resistance and falsely charged him with the crime of assaulting a British Magistrate. He was imprisoned for insolitary confinement at Alipore for the same cause. But this incident turned to be a blessing in disguise because it brought him such wonderful spiritual experiences.The Alipore cell was his Bodhi tree. All these years during his political activities he has had a constant search for realisation of his Brahman consciousness. Looking at the jail, its walls, and the seclusion brought the divine immanent soul of Krishna in everything around him. He was able to see god in everything and the experience was marvellous.later he was acquitted not found guilty. He wrote two weeklies ‘the karmayogin’ in English and the ‘dharma’ in Bengali. Suddenly one day when there was a commotion that the British were again trying to nail him down with false charges he heard an inner voice, the voice of his soul ordering him to leave to Pondicherry. He was transformed into a different plane away from politics and into complete spiritualism. He had a strong vision that India is sure to be freed, and that the ground for her triumph is already set. So it is now time to elevate her children to effectively use this freedom, which is possible only through self realisation. He set out to work towards this goal.

Spirituality and establishment of aurovile

The Aurobindo Ashram emerged along with his true collaborator the mother mirra from France. Until today the ashram is working for transforming darkness into light and to estabilish god’s reign upon earth. The mother was at the back of establishment of the now called auroville, which is an international township made to unite people from different parts. It is a place which provides the men and women from different countries with peace. His speech on creation of the humans mainly involves only two activities and those are involution and evolution. He says that a man’s life experiences various divisions and conflict even from his relationships. So to overcome these limitations he suggests three transformations that he calls as triple transformations. Those three transformations are psychic transformation, spiritual transformation, supramental transformation. His vision also encompasses the appearance of a new species, the supramental being which is a divine being that is superior to that of the humanity. He also made significant contributions in giving the real meanings of Vedas.

One of the important achievements of Sri Aurobindo was the introduction of the concept of evolution into vedantic thought. His works on the different Vedas like rig, yajur, Sama, atharva was originally published as a serial in the journal arya between 1941 and 1921 which was then published in the book called “The Secret Of veda”. He wrote several books on inner yoga, like the poetic epic ‘savitri’, ’The life divine’, and ‘The synthesis of yoga’. His poetry titled The Future Poetry expresses what the art and the culture provides for the evolution of the mankind. On December 5, 1950 at the age of 78 he left his physical body. His body was kept in state for four days before given Samadhi on December 9. As the world moves forward on its destined way we find that Aurobindo’s dreams are slowly but steadily turning into reality.


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