Chennai Government Museum - History

Are you new to Chennai? Do you want to visit sight seeing places in chennai. Don't forget to visit Chennai Museum. The great historical place in chennai, where you can see ancient south india. Don't feel if your children love this place or not, there is separate collections for kids called children museum. This article will give history of the museum.

Chennai Government Museum

Chennai Government Museum Chennai Government Museum is suited at St. George Fort, College Road. This Museum was established by Madras Literary Society. The first proposal for Museum given to the Governor in the year 1846 AD and he got approval from The East India Company, who built St. George Fort for their business purpose. In 1851 AD Dr. Edward Balford was appointed as Officer in charge for the Government Museum. First, the Central Museum was opened in the premises of the St. George College, which was established in 1812 AD. Central Museum was started at the first floor of the college with minimum specimens of the Madras Literary Society. In 1854 Museum was shifted to separate building Pantheon, which is known as the public Assembly rooms. In 1821 AD East India Company sold the building to E.S. Moorat, who is rich Armenian Merchant but he sold it back to the Government in 1830 AD. In 1854, some wild animals also kept by the Museum, Visitors from various places come to see these animals, so the admin of the Museum starts separate Zoological Garden with more than 350 animals in the Year 1856. Then in the following years government decided to separate the zoological garden as a park as the result in 1863 AD Zoological Garden was shifted to Park. The Visitors rate increased gradually. Then they started Aquarim in 1909 AD. Museum was developed very much but in 1942 AD during Japanese attack on Chennai, the whole city was evacuated and the Aquarium and all ceased. Lot of Valuable collections ware shifted for safety. In 1896 AD, the Front building and the Theatre were opened and in 1939 AD main entrance was built. In 1951 Nation Art Gallery was opened to public.

In 1951, Chennai Central Museum celebrated its Centenary and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the chief guest to this occasion. Further developments done in 1963, a new building for antiques collection, chemical conservation section and birds Gallery were developed. Lot of collection like Ravi varma's paintings, Tajore Armoury, Gold coins, Copper coins, Cholas antiques were kept in this Museum.

This Government Museum has separate sections called Archaeology, Anthropology, Art, Numismatics, Botany, Zoology, Geology, Children's Museum and Chemical Conservation.

Archaeology Section of the museum has collections of south Indian historical antiques like sculptures, architectural parts, objects used by ancient people in south india, Early Buddhist sculptures etc.

Anthropology Section of the Museum has collections of Musical instruments, Ethnology, Physical anthropology, Arms, Folk Arts and Indus valley objects.

Numismatic Section of the museum has collections of coins. Numismatic means study of coins. In this section we can see plenty of coins and its history. In ancient days there were gold, silver, bronze and copper coins were been used by our ancient people. We can see those coins. And Stamp collection also available in this section.

The Art section of the museum is very very nice place, where we can have nice feast to our eyes. Collections of oil painting, natural painting, Indian traditional paintings, Tanjore Paintings etc.. are available. We should have 1000 eyes to see these collections. Breath taking collections are available at this section we can't move from this section because of its beauty.

Children Sectionof the museum has collections of dolls, which explains some traditions, culture of our ancient south India. And this section has some transportation gallery, technology gallery and science gallery, which makes our children to ask something about that.

General information about Government Museum, Chennai

Address of Government Museum:
Pantheon Road,
Chennai - 600 008.
Tamil Nadu India.
Working Hours : 09.30 am to 5.00 p.m

Entrance Fee of Government Museum:
For Indians
Adults : Rs. 15/-
Childrens below 12 years : Rs. 10/-

For Non-Indians
Adults : Rs. 250/-
Children : Rs. 125/-

Camera Fee : Rs. 200/- per camera.

Video Camera : Rs. 500/- per video camera

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