Pongal Festival of TamilNadu
What is Pongal?
Pongal is celebrated as Harvest festival of farmers in Tamil Nadu. Pongal falls on Thai month (Tamil month) first day of tamil month. The Pongal is celebrated for four days. First day, Bhogi. In this day, people throw out the unwanted old clothes and materials in fire, marking the beginning of new life. Second day, is Pongal. On Pongal, people celebrate it by boiling the fresh milk and allowing it to boil over the vessel is the literal translation for Pongal in Tamil. In TamilNadu, people also prepare sweets and visit their relatives homes to exchange greetings. Third day is celebrated as Mattu Pongal. On this day, people offer thanks to the cows and buffaloes, as they use them to plough the lands. Jalli Kattu, bull contest (violent bull taming) is also happens this day only. Last day, is Kanum Pongal. Chennai people go out for picnic with their family, friends.
The high light of this Pongal is everybody eats the sugarcane and decorate their house with beautiful and big Kolams drawn in front of their houses. Harvest festival is known as Pongal. It falls always in the month of January middle only. For Hindus this Pongal is extremely auspicious. This pongal is celebrated as Makara Sankranti in Central India, because every year the sun begins its six months long journey northwards and moves into zodiac Capricorn which is known as Makara Rashi in Tamil. This Pongal marks the end of winter and beginning of spring season. Pongal is the festival of Hindus falls on the fourteenth of January every year.
During the joyous occasion of Pongal new harvested rice is cooked in new pots until they boil over. People thank the Sun God (Surya) by offering the fruits, cooked sweet rice, Sugarcane, vegetables etc for the good harvest. In Tamil Nadu the four consecutive days are celebrated on January 13 (Bogi),January 14 (Pongal), January 15 (MattuPongal) and January 16 (Kanum Pongal or Thiruvalluvar day). In Madurai the Jalli Kattu festival is held on Mattu Pongal day is a very famous one. Even this event is arranged at Tiruchirapalli and Tanjavur in TamilNadu. Jalli Kattu is a contest that bundles of money are tied to the horns of violent bulls which the villagers try to retrieve. But this is not an easy task to get the money from the horns of a bull. Many get injured during this day even somebody loses their life too. Tamilian Thirunal is also celebrated during this time. They organize a community meal, in which the food is made of the freshly harvested grain, celebrated throughout TamilNadu. In South India, Pongal is very important festival which people never wanted to miss. First the Pongal was celebrated only by the farming community only, today it is celebrated by whole TamilNadu. The TamilNadu offices are closed during this festival. Every Tamilian love to enjoy this festival with their family and friends.
Happy Pongal to all!!!!!