Bharatanatyam is a classical and traditional dance form derived in TamilNadu. It is one of the oldest classical dance forms in India, which is also known as fifth Veda. Bharatanatyam has its motivation from the sculptures of the ancient temple of Chidambaram. It is one of the most popular and widely performed form of dance by many dancers throughout the world. Learning Bharatanatyam normally takes many years before the arangetram. Nowadays people learn Carnatic music also with Bharatanatyam.
Bharatanatyam has been exposed largely through representing in popular movies and TV programs.
In Tanjore which is in Tamilnadu is the centre of learning and culture. Normally in Bharatanatyam programme we can see its various forms like the Alarippu, Jathiswaram, Sabdham, Varnam & Tillana. The costume should be charmingly beautiful.
Typically a performance includes the following:
Alarippu: This is a presentation of the Tala intersperse by simple syllables spoken by the dancer. This is really a sort of a prayer to the God.
Ganapati vandanam : An opening prayer to the Hindu God Ganesha, who removes all the obstacles.
Jatishwaram : A theoretical dance where the drum set the beat. The dancer displays her versatility in complicated footwork and graceful movements.
Sabdham : This is accompanied by a poem or song with a devotional theme
Varnam : This is the centre piece of all performance. In this the position of the hands and body will tell a story.
Thillana : The final section of the performance in which the dancer shows the skill and the complex footwork and attractive poses.
In ancient times, Bharatanatyam was performed inside the temple shrine but now it is performed outside also.
Jewelry: Dancers wear a unique set of jewelry which is known as "Temple Jewelry"
Constume : We can see that original constume in the ancient text and sculptures did not cover the dancer's bodily fully. But the modern costumes, which do not restrict the dancer's movements also.
Ghungroo : This is also a main part in the Bharatanatyam, from which when the dancer dances it gives a good sound.
Music : Music is in the Carnatic style of South India.
Instruments: The Mridangam (drum), Nadhaswaram, flute, violin and veena.
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